Climate Change and Clean Energy

Adaptation to climate change

Within the European Economic Area (EEA) Financial Mechanism 2009–2014, the REC acted as fund operator for the programme “Enhance Resilience to Climate Change Impacts in Hungary”. Calls for investment-oriented pilot projects were announced, applications were evaluated and projects awarded, and regular monitoring was conducted. Calls connected to the establishment of the National Adaptation Geo-information System (NAGiS) were announced, focusing on climate projections and the development of a methodology for sectoral vulnerability assessments.

Under the “Urban  Adaptation and Health” thematic centre of the OrientGate project, financed by the South East Europe Transnational Cooperation Programme, two case studies on urban vulnerability were completed in the municipalities of Veszprem and Budapest’s XIII District. The studies highlight the urban systems vulnerable to the local impacts of climate change and suggest possible solutions. The findings, and their feasibility and affordability, were discussed during an international seminar on urban adaptation held in November.

A seminar to promote climate change adaptation took place in Kyiv, Ukraine, in February. Participants came from all regions of Ukraine and included representatives of government bodies, academia and civil society. As a result of discussions among international experts and Ukrainian adaptation stakeholders, the seminar identified adaptation problems in a number of areas in the country as well as the paths towards solutions.

Promoting sustainable energy and GHG emissions reductions

The Low Carbon South East Europe (LOCSEE) project came to an end during the year, having strengthened the knowledge and capacities of public authorities and other institutions dealing with climate change in South Eastern Europe. The project developed a systematic cross-sectoral approach to improving low-carbon policies, which will contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and the creation of a low-carbon economy.

Work continued on establishing the Revolving Retrofit Guarantee Fund (RRGF) financing facility for residential energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. Detailed financial term sheets for the RRGF were developed in cooperation with financers in Hungary. Market research carried out in Serbia has shown that local banks need technical assistance to achieve their potential.

The Support for Low-Emission Development in South Eastern Europe (SLED) project reached its analytical stage in 2014, which involved the collection of data and the classification of residential building types in Albania, Montenegro and Serbia, as well as the development of policy scenarios for decarbonisation to be modelled in these three countries and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

The promotion of renewable energy sources in GUAM countries (Georgia, Ukraine,  Azerbaijan and Moldova) continued, financed by the Government of Japan. As a follow-up to activities in 2013, a seminar was held in the REC Conference Center on October 29–30, 2014, at which the main barriers to investment were identified and recommendations made for overcoming the difficulties.

In the framework of the Europe–China Clean Energy Centre (EC2), supported by the European Commission, the National Energy Administration of China and the Ministry of Commerce of China, the REC contributed to drafting the Energy Cooperation Roadmap 2020, which provides policy advice based on consultations with experts and stakeholders in Europe and China

Supporting international initiatives and processes

The REC is playing an active part in the climate component of the Environment and Security Initiative (ENVSEC). The project Climate Change and Security in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and South Caucasus was launched and national consultations took place to collect expert input on capacity-building needs for building climate security and a climate-resilient economy. Another ENVSEC project, Transforming Risks into Cooperation, organised a national consultation on climate security in Albania, raising awareness among stakeholders.

The REC participated in the 20th session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP20), which was held in December in Lima. The REC stand featured many of its recent publications, and REC experts contributed to side events addressing electronic tools to support climate decision making. The REC also participated in a side event organised by Indonesia at which REC experts were able to share their experiences as regional focal point for Article 6.

Climate Change and Clean Energy
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