Sustainable Resource Use

Waste and circular economy

The REC undertook a study for DG Enterprise and Industry aimed at identifying relevant waste streams, players, and economic levers to promote waste as a resource for European industry in the context of industrial symbiosis. Specifically, the study investigated the market potential of five waste streams from the perspective of waste as a resource and suitability for industrial symbiosis; presented an inventory of the main industrial symbiosis clusters/networks in the EU for the five waste streams; and identified best practices and cases where there is significant potential to spread those best practices within the EU.

The REC facilitated the transposition, implementation and enforcement of the EU environmental acquis in Turkey, particularly at the local level, thereby improving quality of life and the quality of the environment. The REC carried out an assessment of the various regulatory frameworks established in Europe for the implementation of the Landfill Directive, the Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive and the Urban Waste Water Directive in order to facilitate their transposition in Turkey.

REC Albania supported the Ministry of Urban Development to establish the first interactive national map of dumpsites ( About 92 dumpsites were visited and documented. The tool is highly appreciated by all stakeholders in Albania and is available for use by local government units for planning purposes.

The REC continued to host the CEE secretariat of the International Partnership for Expanding the Waste Management Services of Local Authorities (IPLA).

Industrial emissions

The REC was involved in a study undertaken for DG Environment to support the EC in an evaluation of the performance of the VOC Stage I and Stage II Directives compared to initial expectations, assessing the effectiveness, efficiency, relevance, coherence and EU added value of the directives. In addition, an assessment of the implementation status of both directives was undertaken across EU member states, focusing on the key provisions and requirements of the legislation.

As part of a study for the EC, the REC contributed to technical assessments of various replies from member states pertaining to infringements under the Ambient Air Quality Directive and the National Emission Ceilings Directive. The general objective was to support the effective assessment of replies from member states received by the EC at various stages of the infringement procedure, where launched, or the pre-infringement procedure, and to ensure comparability, equality of treatment, transparency and accountability to member states and the public.


During the year, the REC was involved in the review of the EU Eco-innovation Action Plan (EcoAP). The aims were to highlight any revisions and enhancements to the EcoAP framework that may be of relevance to the continuation and more effective implementation of the action plan; identify new focus areas; and make recommendations for areas that require further investigation.

The “Public Procurement of Innovation (PPI) Platform” helped public authorities, procurers, policy makers, researchers and other stakeholders to harness the power of PPI during 2015. Within the project, the REC led a successful experience exchange programme.

Sustainable Resource Use
The topic area’s research into the use of waste as a resource is contributing to the promotion of the circular economy concept in Europe.