Climate Change and Clean Energy

During 2016, the REC and its partners:

  • completed several very significant projects in the field, including “Support for Low-Emission Development Strategies in South Eastern Europe” (SLED), “Climate Change and Security in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the South Caucasus”, and “Enhancing Climate Resilience in the Agricultural Sector in Southern Ukraine”;
  • continued the implementation of climate initiatives such as “Adaptation to Climate Change in Hungary” and “Catalysing Market Transformation for Industrial Energy Efficiency”; and
  • began to implement new projects, such as “Low-Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) Europe and Eurasia Platform” and “Analysis of Residential Construction Standards in Several Countries in the Eastern Neighbourhood East Region and South Eastern Europe."

Some of the REC’s ongoing projects focusing on other areas of expertise involve components that address climate and energy challenges, such as “Local Initiatives for a Sustainable Ukraine” (LINK), which has a work package addressing energy security and sustainable energy planning.

Support for Low-Emission Development Strategies in South Eastern Europe (SLED)

The SLED project addressed future development paths for the electricity and building sectors in Albania, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. Options for low-emission development in the electricity sector were identified and assessed, and policy options were analysed for improving the energy efficiency of residential and public buildings by modelling various decarbonisation scenarios. The project results were used to develop intended nationally determined contributions to the Paris Climate Agreement. An independent project evaluation report stated that “the SLED project can be considered as extremely high value for the invested input. The amount of work conducted and results obtained is unique for the level of resources. It is clear that the analysis conducted in the reports is of extremely high quality, and represents the state of the art”.

Climate Change and Security

The Climate Change and Security project, implemented in the framework of the Environment and Security Initiative (ENVSEC) under the overall coordination of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), supported regional stability through transboundary cooperation on adaptation to climate change. The project included participatory assessments of the security impacts of climate change in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the South Caucasus; the development of a pilot transboundary climate change adaptation strategy for the Dniester River basin; comprehensive training on the security impacts of climate change; and training on conflict prevention measures related to climate change adaptation.

Enhancing Climate Resilience in the Agricultural Sector in Southern Ukraine

The project contributed to filling knowledge gaps in terms of agricultural practices to combat climate change. It also facilitated the shaping of appropriate adaptation policies at regional and local levels. The aim was to enhance capacities for adaptation-related issues in the agricultural sector, focusing on plant production and livestock, and to promote sustainable agricultural practices in vulnerable areas of Ukraine (the Odessa, Mykolaiv, Kherson, Dnipropetrovsk and Zaporizhia regions). The promotion of sustainable agricultural techniques and policies also contributed to climate change mitigation. (For more information, see the project description.)

Adaptation to Climate Change in Hungary

In the framework of the project, which made available over EUR 7 million support from European Economic Area (EEA) Grants, the pioneering National Adaptation Geo-informatic System (NAGiS) was developed; capacities of local authorities to cope with climate change were strengthened; and pilot adaptation projects were implemented at the local level. The NAGiS is an innovative geographical IT tool with more than 900 data layers. It connects researchers, students, city planners, municipal and regional authorities and other stakeholders in a system that provides up-to-date, science-based information for local vulnerability and resilience planning and sectoral analyses. (For more details, see the project website.)

LEDS Europe and Eurasia Platform

In 2016, with the support of USAID, the REC began the development of the LEDS Europe and Eurasia Platform, which is aimed at creating a community of practitioners promoting and implementing low-emission development strategies across the Europe and Eurasia region, specifically targeting Albania, Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo*, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Moldova, Serbia and Ukraine. The platform is designed to support peer-to-peer learning, knowledge sharing, advisory assistance, and improved regional coordination and cooperation by connecting decision makers, stakeholders and experts in the task of achieving economic development goals while reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

In the course of the year the REC provided good-quality data for decision makers, promoted dialogue and international cooperation, disseminated low-carbon development knowledge, and built the capacities of national and sub-national stakeholders. 

 

* This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence.
Climate Change and Clean Energy
COMMUNITY OF PRACTICE
The LEDS platform promotes knowledge sharing and peer-to-peer learning.